Moldova Anti Corruption Institutional Framework

Corruption Perception Index
by Transparency International:
32/100 (2019)
Government Effectiveness (from -2,5 to +2,5),
World Governance Indicators by World Bank:
-0,51 (2017)
Control of Corruption (from -2,5 to +2,5),
World Governance Indicators by World Bank:
-0,80 (2017)
Index of Economic Freedom
by Heritage Foundation:
58.4/100 (2018)
Corruption (1=best, 7=worst),
Nations in Transit by Freedom House:
6.00 (2018)
Democracy Score (1=best, 7=worst),
Nations in Transit by Freedom House:
4.93 (2018)

 In accordance with the extensive scope of the Law on Prevention and Combating Corruption, a number of authorities exercise duties of preventing and combating corruption by implementing policies and practices in the field. These authorities are Parliament, the President of the Republic of Moldova, Government, Prosecutor’s Office, Information and Security Service, Court of Accounts and other central and local public administration authorities.

The essential role in preventing and fighting corruption is vested with the specialized anti-corruption agencies: the National Integrity Commission (CNI) and the National Anti-Corruption Centre (CNA). The National Integrity Commission is in charge of verifying the assets and personal interests of public officials, conflicts of interest and incompatibilities in the public office findings. To carry out its mandate, the Commission closely works with the National Anti-Corruption Centre and with the Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office when referring its findings for further criminal investigations.

The National Anticorruption Centre (CNA) is an institution that reports to Moldovan Parliament and its legal framework was redesigned to only target corruption cases. The Centre has competency in both preventing and combating corruption. It also performs the tasks of the Secretariat of the Monitoring Group for National Anti-corruption Strategy implementation. Among others, the National Anti-corruption centre is the responsible body for conducting anti-corruption assessment of laws and by-laws, as well as for coordinating corruption risk assessment process in public institutions. The institution undertakes integrity testing in respect of public officials.

The Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office is a specialized office in charge of leading all the criminal investigations conducted by the investigators of the National Anti-Corruption Centre, but it can conduct its own criminal investigations too. An important role among these institutions is vested in the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which is the key authority in managing the system of domestic affairs bodies. A main role in assuring the integrity mechanisms of police is played by the Internal Protection and Anti-corruption Service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

The main document which regulates the actions in the field is the National Anti-Corruption Strategy.